Fresh filo dough makes a world of difference
If you think baklava is simply a soggy square of solid sweetness, guess again. Tasting baklava made from fresh filo dough – instead of the frozen stuff that comes in a box – is an epiphany. Standing in front of the impressive dessert case at Oakland’s Oasis Market, I gently bite down on a glowing, golden cube and feel my teeth delicately shattering paper-thin layers one by one as a delectable shower of honeyed confetti rains down on my tongue.
Executive Chef Tim Grable who chairs the Baking and Patisserie Program at San Francisco’s California Culinary Academy, says it’s all about the texture, ” Working with fresh filo dough gives you an unmatched thin, crisp result with a better definition of layers.” Chef Grable, who was executive pastry chef at Stars and Fifth Floor before coming to CCA, fondly recalls San Francisco’s Shaharazad Bakery, the only local place to get fresh filo for many years,” It was a little family shop out in the Sunset where you would see all the industry people lined up to buy their fresh filo in the mornings. But sadly, it closed when the owner retired.”
Now, like a phoenix rising from the ashes, Oasis Market on Oakland’s Telegraph Avenue– home to an amazing array of Middle Eastern specialties — has taken over as the only Bay Area source of handmade filo dough. I recently was invited into the kitchen to watch pastry chef Mohamed Khaleed Mahrousa in action. The thirty year old Mahrousa, a native of Aleppo, Syria, belongs to a family that is famous for sweets. He started on the path to producing perfect handmade filo at a cousin’s bakery when he was 13. “It was hard work and took me 2 years to learn,” he says smiling.
On a marble-topped table dusted with cornstarch, I watch as he expertly flips and rolls the dough, testing to see when it reaches almost transparent thinness. Using a skinny wooden dowel that resembles a broom stick, he stretches the dough into ever-widening circles (a thicker, heavier rolling-pin would squash it flat). When it attains the desired thinness, he cuts out a rectangle to fit his pan. The leftover corners of dough are crumpled and tossed because they are too thick, but not before he uses them to flour the pan. He fills the dough lined pan with a generous layer of chopped cashews — the baklava also comes with almonds or pistachios — then unfolds a top layer of dough and gently tucks in the sides, like making up a floury bed. After slicing the contents of the pan into diamonds, he ladles on the butter and ushers his creation into the oven. When the golden pastries emerge from the oven, he pours on just enough sweet syrup. “Everyone knows that Syrian baklava is the best,” he confides with a wink, “sweet but not too sweet.”
Oasis Food Market, 3045 Telegraph Ave. Oakland, 510-655-5111, promises to have its website up and running and able to take online orders soon. Meanwhile, call to place an order for their fresh filo which is only made 2 days a week and sells for $3.99/lb.
Recipe for Layered Baklava with Orange Blossom Syrup
Contributed by my new friend Faith Kramer of BlogAppetit
I’ve always wanted to make baklava and so when I had to test a recipe from “The Kosher Baker: Over 160 Dairy-free Recipes from Traditional to Trendy” (Brandeis University Press) by Paula Shoyer, I chose her version of the Middle Eastern sweet. Hers is vegan, has more filling and is not as sweet as many others I’ve tried. The orange blossom water is traditional and gives the pastry a floral essence.
Layered Baklava with Orange Blossom Syrup
The mix of nuts gives the baklava a very complex taste. This recipe is adapted from Shoyer’s book. This recipe is written for defrosted, commercial filo dough. It is even more spectacular made with fresh. If you’d like, brush canola oil on the filo dough layers rather than spraying them with the spray oil as Shoyer does.
1 2/3 cups shelled, unsalted pistachios
1 cup slivered almonds
1 cup walnut pieces
2 ¼ cups of sugar, divided
Canola oil spray
1 package frozen filo dough, thawed according to package directions
Juice of 1 lemon
1 cup water
2 tsp. orange blossom water
Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Put pistachios, almonds, walnuts and ¼ cup of sugar in food processor with metal blade. Process until ground into tiny pieces but not pulverized.
Grease a 9”x13” pan with spray oil. Cut sheets of filo to size if necessary. Lay 1 sheet in pan, spray with oil. Repeat 4 times until you have a stack of 5 sheets. Scatter ¾ cup of the nuts mixture evenly on top. Repeat until you have 5 filo layers of 5 sheets each and 4 nut layers. Finish with the filo on top. Spray the top sheet with oil.
With a sharp knife, make diagonal cut through all the layers across the pan, about 1 ½” apart. Then make diagonal cuts in the other direction. Place on middle rack in the oven and bake for 30-40 minutes or until lightly browned.
While the baklava is baking, make the syrup. Place remaining sugar, lemon juice and water in a small pan and bring to a boil. Reduce heat to medium and cook uncovered for 5 minutes. Turn heat to low and simmer for 7 minutes. Take pan off heat, add orange blossom water and stir.
When the baklava is baked, remove from the oven and immediately pour the syrup over it. Let cool in the pan.